When is the disease the disease of death?
There are three conditions for the disease to be a deadly disease, all of which are objective matters that will assess the patient’s psychological state, as he is the supervisor of death. He explains his behavior in the light of this situation and assumes that it is recommended, and made to act the rule of the will. There is no need then to search for the secrets of the same patient what is inherent, and it is enough that these physical signs his psychological state then we stand. The conditions of death are:
Illness keeps the patient from serving his interests:
The patient’s illness must make it impossible for him to fulfill his usual normal interests that healthy people can usually direct. It is not a duty to have a disease death disease that binds the patient to bed. It may not be required and still be unable to serve its interests
Nor is the patient’s transfer of the same disease to the court to ratify the contract issued by him, because the author concerned with the ratification is not limited to prove the seller. The patient may risk dying from going out to do some individual work
It is not only enough that the patient should not be satisfied with his interests, but that he must also be afraid of death. This serious disease usually ends in death or is a minor disease that develops until the patient becomes ill. From death. If the disease does not reach this level of risk, it is not considered a disease of death, even if the patient is unable to serve his interests.
The disease may be a disease in which the patient usually heals and does not usually have the fear of death. Here is not considered the patient in the disease of death, and if unable to eliminate his interests, because the disease does not prevail in the loss
As well as chronic diseases if prolonged to reassure the patient to avoid the risk of rapid death. There is a view that it is not enough for the disease to prevail in fear of death, but also to feel that the patient and the signing of the interests of his is not only a physical situation shows how it felt
That the disease actually ends with death; and finally, the disease must end with death, and if death were not due to illness, the patient would have been killed or drowned. The patient had time to act if he had felt sick, even if he did not die because of the accidental cause of death
And we see that the patient is sick, he sits away from the interests, in which the fear of death is high if he acted in his money during this disease was his behavior by his life, and the heirs may not object to it as long as the patient alive. If the disease ended with death, then it is necessary that the action took place in the disease of death, and it is permissible to challenge him on this basis
However, the disease extends from the time of the disposition to the time of death. When it ended with another disease, which ended in death, the first disease was not the disease of death
Chronic diseases and disease: The disease may be prolonged, chronic diseases such as paralysis and tuberculosis, and then ends in death, but after a long time.
The rule in these chronic diseases is that it is not considered at first glance a death disease if it lasts long without being so strong that the patient reassures that the disease has stopped its course and there is no longer a serious risk, and this even if the disease has kept the patient from spending his interests and committed to bed, Is in danger of death
Nevertheless, if the disease intensified after that and worsened the condition of the patient until it became an ominous term, and the disease continued to worsen until it ended in death already, it is considered a disease of death from the time that intensified
There is a view in the Islamic jurisprudence, taken by the journal, estimated the length of the disease and the length of the stable is no longer afraid of the danger of a year. If the chronic disease lasts a year without becoming more severe, it is not considered a deadly disease. If the disease intensifies thereafter, until it has already died before the end of the year of its intensification, it is considered during this period a death sickness
A healthy condition that makes them rule the sick with death: that any physical condition that makes the person believe in his time, which would raise in itself this particular case, and the behavior of the behavior of the patient the disease of death, although he was not sick at all. Such as those sentenced to death for execution, those who were in a ship on the verge of purpose, who had been caught in a fire that could not be escaped, who was caught in a war and believed to be dead, and who intended to commit suicide
Proof of death sickness: The disease of death, under the conditions mentioned above, is a material fact that may be proved of proof, including evidence and evidence. In addition, most evidenced by medical certificates that indicate the patient’s condition in the late days. As evidenced by witness testimony. Moreover, the heirs who challenge the actions of their heritage, as issued in the disease of death, the burden of proving the disease