What is contraception?





Contraceptive use in recent years has become an integral part of the healthy lifestyle of a billion people, women, and men, but it remains one of the most important challenges for humans. The challenge is the need to systematically and systematically deploy the use of contraceptives in the world in an effort to counteract the effects of population growth. The World Health Organization (WHO) forecasts that the world’s population of about 6 billion will continue to increase Will reach 8 billion people in 2025 and more than 9 billion in 2050


To date, there is no ideal contraceptive method that is 100% effective in preventing pregnancy, free from symptoms, side effects or health hazards, easy and convenient to use and very low cost. In the process of testing the effectiveness of the means of prevention (see table below), measuring the effectiveness of the method when applied accurately, correct and integrated, and compared with the effectiveness of the method in the normal application. That is, when taking into account, for example, forgetting to take the pill sometimes, or rupture condom due to incorrect use


Traditionally, contraceptives are classified into two main groups: reversible contraceptives (for a change) and irreversible means of prevention. Many countries favor the use of reversible prevention measures, which are divided into five main groups:


The first group includes natural methods of contraception: the method of isolation (or: withdrawn intercourse – sexual intercourse during which the vagina is withdrawn from the vagina before the ejaculation) and the safe days’ method. In this method (safe days), the ovulation/ovulation date is calculated by decreasing 14 days of the menstrual cycle during the last three menstrual cycles. Sexual intercourse is avoided during the three days preceding and after the expected ovulation. Other methods of determining the timing of ovulation, such as basal temperature monitoring or monitoring, can be adopted, or attention to (and identification) changes in cervical mucus, which becomes more fluid and dense during ovulation days. Nevertheless, this method is not suitable for women who have a menstrual cycle are irregular; they are contrary to the desire of women to have a sexual relationship in the days of ovulation itself when the Libido is at its peak. These natural methods do not involve any side effects or at any cost, but their use is limited because of their low efficacy

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Group II – includes insulating means. The most common method in this group is a condom. The use of condoms is especially important for couples who have transient sexual relations because of their ability to prevent sexually transmitted diseases (STD). A relatively modern means of isolation is the female condom, whose advantage lies in the fact that women can insert it into the vagina (vagina), allowing them to control it. The long-known buffer method is the female diaphragm, which takes the shape of a flat cup, made of flexible material, which is inserted into the vagina together with a spermicide (Spermicide), which prevents the entry of semen (sperm) I don’t know. The female insulator is suitable for the doctor. Blocking means because of few side effects, but their effectiveness is limited

Group III – includes spermicide preparations. The most common spermicide is “Nonoxynol 9” (Nonoxynol-9), which affects the membrane of sperm cells. Vaginal pesticides are marketed as Vaginal Pessaries, creams or foam. Today, it is recommended to use only spermicides by combining them with insulating agents, due to their limited efficiency. A combined formulation of a buffer can be obtained along with a spermicidal, vaginal sponge


Group IV – the most important, today, among the means of prevention, a group of hormones. The most common method in this group is a combination oral contraceptive pill

Group 5 – includes intrauterine devices (Intrauterine device – IUD). It is the most effective contraceptive method, especially for mothers aged 30 years or older. The use of active spirals, that is, the prophylaxis of progesterone or copper progesterone, is used today in the uterine cavity. The contraceptive loop remains effective for five years or more. In the early days of the IUD – a procedure that the doctor should do – there is little risk of intrauterine infection, but the IUD does not have any significant damage to future fertility. However, some may show symptoms of pregnancy on the coil

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