Types Of Tornadoes


Types Of Tornadoes

It is defined as a tornado to the wind that takes the form of a whirlwind. It is a strong column of wind where the air moves in a rotating way making a simultaneous contact with the cloud and the water, where the latter never makes contact with the body of water. They can reach a speed that exceeds 480 kilometers per hour, and maintain an extension over 1.5 kilometers. It is characterized by the shape of a funnel and by its darkened tone that it acquired due to the cloud of smoke or dust that constitutes it, which also makes it acquire a great chromatic variety.


Types of Tornadoes


Supercell Tornado


They are tornadoes created by supercell thunderstorms or rotating storms, which became the most violent and at the same time destructive


Non-Supercell Tornadoes


It refers to the tornadoes that produce those storms that do not rotate, that is generated by a mesocyclone. They are the most common tornadoes in the world, which last a short time and their winds are weak, although they can become very dangerous, causing structural damage. This happens when they are weak, they can not be detected by the radar


Types Of Non-Supercell Tornadoes


Landspouts: they are created at the moment in a storm that is in development collides with horizontal circulations and raise it upwards. They are visible and narrow funnel and similar to a rope, which goes from the base of the cloud to the ground. When this is formed on the sea or the ocean is known as a waterspout

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Gustnados: appear in lines of storms that form echoes, most of them are weak but can generate very dangerous winds that can cause great structural damage; they usually appear as a whirlpool of debris and dust all along the front of the storm stream that descends




It is known as waterhole, it is a kind of tornado that forms in water, specifically in subtropical and tropical waters, just at the base of the Cumulus Congestus clouds, these tend to maintain a vertical direction over the ocean or in the seas, where they rarely get bent or tipped, they present a dark gray color that usually changes to yellowish when it is illuminated by sunlight, its winds are a little weak, it has smooth walls with laminar flow, and it usually travels at a low speed.


Terrestrial Tornado 


It is usually referred to as a cloudy or non-supercell tornado. This does not register any association to a mesocyclone, it usually lasts very little and its funnel of cold condensation never touches the floor, these types of tornadoes are usually weaker than the classic ones, however, it can generate very significant damage since the difference between them is very slight. These usually produce a laminar cloud of dust from the moment they touch the ground, as it performs a different mechanics to mesoporous tornadoes, in comparison to tornadoes of marine waters, they share certain characteristics such as their short duration, relative weakness, and the funnel of small dimensions and smooth condensation that never touches the ground

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Tornado of Multiple Vortices


They are tornadoes where more than two columns of air rotate around the same center. These arise in any air circulation; however, it is usually more frequent in intense tornadoes.

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