What Are The Different Types of Car Engines
There are numerous people who are fond of cars and they like to change their cars every year depending on their financial life, so they are also so curious to get to know everything about cars so today we are going to talk about the different types of car engines, the universe of engines is unbeatable, so here we will name several types, but we will concentrate on those that are usually used in current vehicles, so let’s jump right in.
Going from the general to the particular, the first differentiation we can make is between the combustion engines and the electric ones, in the first group, we distinguish those of external combustion as those of steam, and those of internal combustion like gasoline, diesel and gas and etc, there are also the mechanics that combine thermal motors with electric motors, which we call hybrids on which you can read more here.
The internal combustion engines can have several configurations: in-line, in V, in W (as some models of the VW group including the Bugatti Veyron), in H (of opposite cylinders and Boxer as in the Porsche 911), radial, axial, rotary or Wankle (Mazda) and of course, there are turbines that can be used to move wheels like in the Chrysler Turbine. Motors with pistons can have odd or even cylinder quantities in almost all cases
Within conventional piston engines, the following distinction is given by the number of times, 2 or 4. The first was the most used in motorcycles and cars such as DKW and are characterized by having no valves and being simpler, but They need to take the oil mixed with the naphtha and they have increasingly left aside due to issues of polluting emissions. The seconds are those that use almost all current cars, have valves, usually 2 or 4 per cylinder, but there are also 3 (2 intakes and one exhaust) and 5 valves (3 intakes and 2 exhausts)
As for the way to “turn on” fuel, the great division is between the Otto and Diesel cycles. In the first case, fuels such as naphtha, gas or ethanol are used and a spark plug makes a spark that ignites them. In the second we have as fuel most used diesel (or its biodiesel ecological variant) that is ignited by compression and heat without the use of a spark. At the same displacement, the “Otto” engines deliver more power, while the diesel engines are more efficient, that they consume less, but are noisier and less powerful
Other differentiations between the engines are in their form of feeding, which can be by carburetor or injection (Diesel only use this system) and air intake that can be normal or supercharged by turbos and compressors. In successive notes, we will expand on each of the types of engines and their particularities, don’t miss them, we hope we could benefit you dear reader by the information that we have just shared with you.