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The Science And History Of Hurricane


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The Science And History Of Hurricane

 

Each year, the hurricane season that occurs between the months of June and November puts the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean to the test, and although the forecasts never go beyond, these natural phenomena only leave a trail of devastation in their wake and, in the best of cases, powerful gusts of wind and rain, in any case, life is disrupted, just remember some hurricanes like ‘Katrina’ sandy or ‘lrma’ to gauge their power of destruction and learn that you are never fully prepared for such a situation

 

That’s why over the years man has worked in the investigation of these phenomena, seeking to reduce the risks and human losses that unfortunately occur, thus, the science and history of hurricane was born, do you know when the first hurricane in the history was predicted or who was the first to fly over one? Here we are going to tell you a series of data that may clear this and other doubts about the hurricanes that discover magazine collected

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  • John Winthrop became the first person to scientifically measure a hurricane, and he did so in 1743 when he collected information on tides and pressure on a storm that passed through the northeastern United States

 

  • In 1847, William Reid created the first hurricane warning system in the northern hemisphere in Barbados

 

  • The United States Meteorological Service issued its first hurricane alert in 1873

 

  • The British meteorologist Clement Wragge began in 1887 the tradition of using feminine names to describe the systems of the time, a system that fell into disuse until it was taken over by the US Meteorological Service.
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  • Colonel of the United States Air Force Joseph B. Duckworth was the first person to fly through the eye of a hurricane, He did it in 1943 aboard a single-engine A-6 that managed to pass through a small hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico Near Galveston, Texas

 

  • In 1944, the images of radar detected for the first time a cyclone eye and spiral bands

 

  • Four years later, in 1948, researchers determined that water temperatures should be about 80 degrees Fahrenheit for hurricanes to form

 

  • In 1950, the US Meteorological Service Officially began to name the Atlantic storm systems, currently the names of the hurricanes are determined by the world meteorological organization based in Geneva, and these are reused every six years, but the names of the most destructive storms such as Andrew and Katrina were removed, this year, they did the same with Matthew and Otto

 

  • Herbert Riehl and Willams Hagged Produced in 1956 the first hurricane forecasting statistical system

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  • In 1969, the Americans Herbert Saffir and Robert Simpson created the scale that takes their surnames to measure the strength of hurricanes, cataloging them into 5 categories this methodology laid the groundwork for defining, for the first time, what kind of damage could be expected from a hurricane

 

  • Richard Anthes developed the first three-dimensional hurricane simulation in 1971

 

  • One of the most significant advances to mitigate the damages of a hurricane occurred in 2010 when the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) added 12 hours in advance for their hurricane storm watches and warnings, which now they have 48 and 36 hours in advance, respectively
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