What is fun and what is happiness?
Pleasure is a positive feeling resulting from the secretion of dopamine in the body. The process of secretion of this hormone is associated with a reward system and brain punishment. The brain communicates with the body organs through two methods. One is very quick (neurotransmitter) and has a very fast effect but does not continue to effect long and the second way is through the secretion of hormones, which have a longer effective effect but take some time to affect the body
First, I will summarize some of the hormones and then engage in their relationship with pleasure and happiness
One of the most important and oldest brain hormones is that all mammals use serotonin in the communication between brain neurons. The effect of serotonin is to control the general mood in humans. If you are expelled from your job today, the level of serotonin will drop dramatically in your body and may lead to your depression. In contrast, if you win today a prize of $ 1 million, the level of serotonin will rise, which will make you feel happy. Most drugs to treat depression such as Prozac are catalysts for the production of serotonin in the body
Serotonin, in general, is excreted after the sport of all kinds to help the body to overcome the fatigue caused by the physical effort. That is, the brain releases it as a kind of drug to go beyond the post-physical phase
A hormone, one of the most important elements of a reward system in the brain. The nervous system determines the positive actions through the secretion of dopamine. Dopamine means, “repeat this action because I like it.” This secretion binds dopamine to actions that the brain sees as positive and is essential to addiction. For example, the nicotine found in cigarettes stimulates the secretion of dopamine in the brain, so smokers addicted to nicotine. Drugs of all kinds are catalysts for the secretion of dopamine in varying proportions. Also, the sexual peak is a large dose of dopamine so we find that the living quarters cannot resist sexual stimulation that precedes sexual peak
Dopamine secretion is not always associated with immediate reward but can be excreted for actions that will produce positive results later
Epinephrine or adrenaline:
This hormone is known to accelerate the number of heartbeats and is usually secreted in cases of danger to help the body to transfer sugar to all cells quickly to deal with the danger
This hormone has a socially important function as it affects by increasing the feeling of love, trust, and empathy with others reduces fear and strengthens relationships between individuals. Mother in the lactation phase produces a lot of oxytocin, which links the breastfeeding process to love and bonding between the mother and her child. This hormone is of great importance when talking about religions because of the subject of trust, empathy and social cohesion. Any system that exploits this hormone is a winning system
Endorphins or morphine:
This hormone is responsible for relieving pain. Saves during exercise. For example, if we put an athlete on a treadmill and connected his brain with a scanner, we find that the sensors of the androfen secretion are active after the enemy because of the physical effort. In many cases, this condition is called “The runner’s high”. The advantage of the secretion of this hormone after the physical effort is to reduce the pain resulting from the physical effort, which is why many athletes feel pain only after the end of the game. Most athletes are addicted to androfen, so they continue to go to the sports club and practice their favorite sport on an ongoing basis
Previously, our ancestors had to work all day in order to get their daily meal, but if someone found a food source with high calories (honey, for example), he would not need to work all the time to meet his food needs that day. Securing the need for food without having to work throughout the day is very desirable and enhances the chances of survival. Therefore, high-calorie foods have a delicious taste and harmful foods have a bad taste
In the case of delicious food, the brain connects it with a positive feeling that (this work is good repeated). This binding process occurs by secretion of a hormonal signature associated with the act. Whenever our ancestors find honey, for example, they remember that it is delicious and tastes good, not because the sugar compound has a magical taste, but because the sugar compound provides energy to the body effectively and because the brain binds this positive action through a positive hormone secretion (dopamine)
This means that the actions that bring a quick benefit to the body, whether in the form of a dose of energy or euphoria, the nervous system rewards itself through the secretion of dopamine
In contrast, as the nervous system rewards us for good work, it penalizes us for harmful actions (at his discretion)
For example, if we do an unhelpful work for our survival, such as fattening toxic or corrupt foods, the brain punishes us and binds this action with a hormonal signature and negative action (pain) so that we do not repeat it again
When you eat poisonous foods, the brain senses the taste and smell of toxic substances and releases a neurotransmitter that absorbs an unacceptable substance. The nervous system also takes the steering wheel and takes precautionary measures to force the digestive system to produce what has been devoured by an involuntary act called “vomiting.” There are other actions of the brain such as secretion of adrenaline because of his belief that you are at risk but I will not enter all the details in this article
Over time, these words become associated with small secretions of dopamine. The player is addicted to these secretions until he reaches a difficult stage and finds it difficult to get the usual doses. Suddenly the game ends and tells the player to return after a specified period or pay money to continue the secretion of dopamine
Giving doses of dopamine and then stopping them suddenly causes a state of addiction to the user because he did not stop voluntarily but was taken doses of it forcibly
A recent example of dopamine addiction
Facebook depends on the same mechanism. Every pressure like causes a small amount of dopamine plus many other factors related to our needs for social communication (oxytocin).
You are browsing Facebook every day because you are addicted to dopamine.
I hope it becomes clear that pleasure is a state of mind with physiological effects and can not be bothered all the time. The rate of dopamine secretion varies among people, so it may be that the feeling of pleasure varies between people based on the actions they perform. Fun is a major motivator for doing a lot of everyday tasks, but over time the threshold of the dopamine sensor goes down. We feel tired and tired and look for new stimuli and so on.
Imagine the old man practicing his natural life in African Savannah. This man lives in the constant alert to avoid predators, since any mistake may mean his prey by a hungry animal.
This state of constant caution is very important in the evolution of man as it is a defensive mechanism that has helped him to survive. Continuous vigilance is important in monitoring any threat or danger that may be imminent. If this danger is found, man finds himself faced with two choices. Either escape or defensive attack and in both cases the body finds itself in need of large doses of energy and fast like what we see in the films of fantasy (Turbo Boost). In this case, the body actually takes extraordinary steps in bringing in large doses of energy to use in defense of itself.
In the case of danger, the brain deals with everything that is unknown as a “safe” condition based on the basis of a better safe than sorry basis and sends hormonal messages to the adrenal gland by secretion of a hormone called ACTH. Once the rate of this hormone in the blood is known, the adrenal group knows that they need to work more actively because the body needs to burn large amounts of sugar. The adrenal gland immediately starts producing a hormone called cortisol. It is primarily responsible for metabolizing carbohydrates stored in the body into sugars so that the cells of the body can burn sugar and do all the actions assigned to it by the brain. Yes, this mechanism has great survival benefits, which is why we are today but…
The psychological stress we feel today is a result of this mechanism but within a different environmental context. Today we do not suffer from the risk of predation from a hungry animal or the risk of exposure to natural phenomena that we do not know. But we suffer from debt and material obligations and the hardships of life in general.
see more : Intelligent design in nature